Hannah Chiu
Discuss the decline of the aristocracy in Western Europe. When did the decline occur, what forms did it take and what factors caused it?

FACTORS
The French Revolution
Napoleon I/III
Nicolas II
American Revolution
Industrialization
Enlightenment
Liberalism
Joseph II
Peter the Great
World War I
Lenin/Marx/Stalin

FORMS
Universal Male Suffrage
The Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
The Destruction of the Three Estates
Agricultural Revolution
The Glorious Revolution
English Civil War
Abolishment of Serfdom
Socialism/Communism

In early Europe, the aristocracy had garnered the most rights over the years; they could vote, avoid taxes, were literate, and had servants. After the Enlightenment in the 18th century, peasants began demanding more rights as French philosophers began theorizing equal rights for all men. Another event was the French Revolution which destroyed the concept of the Estates General and allowed universal male suffrage under Napoleon I.