Hannah Chiu
Compare and contrast the foreign policy goals and achievements of Metternich (1815-1848) and Bismarck (1862-1890).

Metternich
Foreign Policy
Congress of Vienna- Conservatism (G. Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia) vs France.
Concert of Europe- Principle of Legitimacy
Principle of Legitimacy- the idea of monarchies ruling
Quadruple Alliance- Russia, Prussia, Austria, G. Britain
Revolution- Spain, Italy, Latin America, Greece, France- All failed except for Greece (received support from Quadruple Alliance)
Achievements
Latin America- Rebellion (stopped, G. Britain)
Spain- Rebellion (stopped, France)
Italy- Rebellion (stopped, Austria)
Greece- Accepted, vs. Ottoman Empire (Britain/France)
France- Rebellion (stopped, G. Britain, Austria, Prussia)
Resignation
Revolutions of 1848

Bismarck
Foreign Policy
Alienation of Austria- led to unification of Germany, due to exclusion of affairs.
Realpolitik- politics of reality, focused on the advancement of nation
Danish War- war against Denmark, over Schleswig territory/province
Austro-Prussia War- Austria vs. Prussia (Austria excluded)
Franco-Prussia War- Capture of Napoleon III--> Unification of Italy
Goals
Alienation of Austria- succeeded (Austro-Prussia War)
Germany Unification- Succeed (Second German Republic (1st, HRE)
Balance of Power- Succeeded, Prussia strongest power
Resignation
William II, disagreed with Bismarck on the policy of socialism which led to his resignation/dismissal

As foreign ministers for rival countries and being in different time periods, Prince Klemens von Metternich and Otto von Bismarck had very similar polices as well as goals. Both had believed in advancement for their nation and maintaining power for the crown. While their methods of achieving their goals were different, they were successful but later resigned due to lack of support from both their countries and monarchs.

http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/historical/biography/otto_von_bismarck.html
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10245a.htm- Metternich