Krystal Leong
Renaissance Art


Characteristics
· Portraiture- honored prominent citizens, accurate facial features, revealed inner qualities of subjects’ personalities
· Wanted to recapture spirit of Greek and Roman culture
· Wanted to portray subjects realistically
Early Renaissance
· Brunelleschi
- Famous architect, inspired by Roman architecture
- designed Church of San Lorenzo, classical columns, rounded arches, high ceiling
· Donatello
- Artist and sculptor
- David- statue, first life size freestanding nude, celebrated heroism, simplicity and strength reflected dignity of humanity
· Botticelli
- Italian painter of mythological and religious paintings
- Primavera- garden of Venus, eternal spring, well defined figures
High Renaissance
· Leonardo da Vinci
- Initiated preoccupation with idealization of nature
- Last Supper- organization of space, use of perspective to depict subjects three dimensionally and two dimensionally
· Raphael
- Numerous madonnas in which he attempted to achieve ideal beauty
- School of Athens- fresco in Vatican Palace, balance, harmony, order
· Michelangelo
- Sculptor, painter, and architect, influenced by Neoplatonism
- Ceiling of Sistine Chapel- muscular figures, ideal type of human with perfect proportions
- David- marble statue, representation of beauty of human body
· Bramante
- Architect, commissioned to design St. Peter’s Basilica
- The Tempietto- small temple on site of Saint Peter’s martyrdom, Doric columns, enclosed by dome, recaptured grandeur of ancient Rome
Northern Renaissance
· Jan Van Eyck
- Among first to use oil paint which allowed use of range of colors and creation of fine details
- Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride- precise portraits, emphasis on detail
· Durer
- Greatly affected by Italians, mastered laws of perspective
- Adoration of the Magi- maintained use of minute details

Hankins, James. "Renaissance." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2011. < http://worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar464720&st=renaissance+art>