Karen Chou
Art in the Age of Enlightenment


Art
  • Rococo-grace, gentle action, smooth curves, wandering lines of natural objects, seashells and flowers, lightness, charm, pursuit of pleasure, happiness, and love
    • Watteau: lyrical views of aristocratic life, element of sadness
    • Tiepolo: enchantment and exuberance, ceiling of Bishop’s Palace at Wurzburg
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    • Palace of Versailles: building, sculptural figures and wall and ceiling paintings were blended into a harmonious whole
    • Neumann: Vierzehmheiligen (The Fourteen Saints), Residenz (Bishop’s Palace), secular and spiritual interchangeable
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    • Zimmermann: Wies, holiness struck by richness of detail, persuaded by jo
  • Neoclassicism: recapture the dignity and simplicity of the classical style, Herculaneum and Pompeii influence
    • Jacques-Louis David: Oath of the Horatii, moral seriousness, honor and patriotism
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Music
  • Bach-organist and music director, Mass in B Minor, St. Matthew’s Passion, easily move from religious to secular, Coffee Cantata, religious texts to secular music, music was a means to worship God
  • Handel-secular in temperament, writing operas, patronized by the English royal court, Fireworks Music, 40 operas and much other secular music, best known religious music, oratotio: extended musical composition on a religious subject (usually biblical), Messiah
  • Haydn- 104 symphonies, string quartets, concerti, songs, oratorios, masses, developed new forms of instrumental music, The Creation, The Seasons,
  • Mozart-concerto, symphony and opera, child prodigy, comic opera, The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, melody, grace, precision, emotion
Literature: grew out of the medieval romances and the picaresque stories like Don Quixote, Cervante
  • Richardson- Pamela: (Virtue Rewarded): won large audience, sentimental and emotionalf
  • Fielding- against moral seriousness of Richardson, people surviving by their wits, The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling, emphasized action rather than inner feeling
  • Gibbon- Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, growth of Christianity as a major reason for Rome’s collapse