Romantic Art by Trevor Muehring
· Reaction against the Enlightenment’s preoccupation with reason in discovering truth
· Stressed importance of intuition, feeling, emotion, and imagination
· Sorrows of the Young Werther (model for all Romantics)
· Individualism (unique traits of each individual)
· Desire to follow their inner drives
· Theme of the individual’s conflict with society
Romantic Novelists, Poets, Artists, and Musicians
· Thomas Carlyle (historical events were determined by the deeds of heroes)
· Geist (spirit that made people unique)
· Walter Scott (Ivanhoe)
· Edgar Allen Poe and Mary Shelley (Frankenstein)
· Percy Bysshe Shelley (Prometheus Unbound; poem about revolt against the things that oppress the people)
· Lord Byron (Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage)
· William Wordsworth (love of nature; nature contained a force that a poet could read and learn from)
· Caspar David Friedrich (Man and Woman Gazing at the Moon; liked to depict nature overpowering humanity)
· Joseph Malford William Turner (landscapes and seascapes; allowed objects to melt into their surroundings)
· Eugene Delacroix (The Death of Sardanapalus; exotic use of light and patches of interrelated color)
· Beethoven (Eroica; uncontrolled rhythms)
· Hector Berlioz (Symphonie fantastique; founder of program music)
Revival of Religion
· Catholicism revived
· Chateaubriand (Genius of Christianity; “Bible of Romanticism”)
· Protestantism revived in the Awakening